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Spiny Norman
13-01-2010, 02:20 PM
Have just been reading David Stove's excellent little book Scientific Irrationalism - origins of a postmodern cult. In it he provides the following useful little appendix:

Q. this is a fair coin
P. it has just been fairly tossed 1000 times and it came down "heads" 900 of those times

How [do we] rewrite the sentence:
Q is consistent with the true observation statement P, but very improbable in relation to it.

Lakatos:
Q is 'falsified' by P

Popper:
Scientists, by a methodological convention, regard Q as falsified by P
(or maybe)
I introduce a methodological rule permitting us to regard P as incompatible with Q

Kuhn:
A scientist who did not, in view of the anomaly P, reject Q, would be regarded as violating one of the most basic values of his profession: consistency

Feyerabend:
The theory Q, though "refuted' by the anomaly P and a thousand others, may nevertheless be adhered to by a scientist for any length of time; and 'rationally' adhered to. For did not the most 'absurd' of theories, heliocentrism, stage a come-back after two thousand years? And is not Voodoo now emerging from a long period of unmerited neglect?

:lol:

morebeer
13-01-2010, 04:07 PM
Q. this is a fair coin
P. it has just been fairly tossed 1000 times and it came down "heads" 900 of those times

How [do we] rewrite the sentence:
Q is consistent with the true observation statement P, but very improbable in relation to it.



You forgot one.

Supernaturalist:
It's a miracle